The Great Biodiversity of Machu Picchu

Hello bloggers! Today we will talk about the great biodiversity of the historic sanctuary of Machupicchu.

Machupicchu apart from being a great Inca city with an incredible history, keeps within its area a great diversity of flora and fauna, which further enriches this great Inca site, so in this new blog we will talk a little about this topic.


Machupicchu is a historical sanctuary located in the province of Urubamba, in the department of Cusco, being known worldwide as one of the 7 wonders of the modern world, thanks to its great Inca architecture and cultural and historical richness, besides being a protected natural area, which protects an extraordinary biodiversity, containing in its 30 thousand hectares of wooded areas, mountains, peaks and snowy, also hosting different species of both plants and animals that inhabit this place.

The Sanctuary is located in an area of exceptional geographic characteristics.

Here you can find from snow-capped peaks above 6,000 m.a.s.l., to the hottest and most humid zone of the Urubamba River (which divides the sanctuary in two, forming the Torontoy canyon) below 2,000 m.a.s.l.


The flora mainly comprises alder, toroc or cético, white cedar, cascarilla, white pacae, basul, pisonay, chachacomo, yanay, and laurel. In the Warmihuañusca pass, relict forests of unca, queñua, and t’asta are observable.

Orchids thrive in the sanctuary, showcasing remarkable diversity. Around 340 species have been recorded, representing about 20% of Peru’s total orchid variety.


Among the most representative fauna of the area are the torrent duck, the agouti, the viscacha, the coati, the white-tailed deer, the dwarf deer, the Andean fox, the puma, the woodpecker, the cock of the rock, the spectacled bear, the Andean condor and the American otter.


  • is one of the few protected areas with a comparatively high biological, ecological and genetic diversity worldwide.
  • It is also considered a biogeographic area of high endemism of species and subspecies, as indicated by studies of vascular flora, birds and diurnal butterflies.
  • also houses endangered species of plants and animals on the red list of Peruvian legislation and protects them from the irreversible fate of disappearance.


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