The Main Square of Cusco in Perú

Hello bloggers, today we will talk, write, the main square of cusco in peru and its tourist attractions, which you can not miss. All the countries of the Hispanic conquest, its Spanish foundation were always in the Plaza de Armas, and Cusco was the same.

Read more in our blog below.

History of the Main Square of Cusco

The Main Square of Cusco in Perú
The Main Square of Cusco in Perú

The Plaza de Armas of Cusco is a delight for the eyes of any visitor who knows it for the first time.

Its colonial architecture buildings have a whole story to tell and the activities to do in the square are sure to delight you.

The Plaza de Armas in the Inca Period:

At the time of the Inca Empire, the main square of Cusco was one of the main meeting centers, which was divided into two:

Aucaypata, Huacaypata or Huacapata: it was the place that the Inca used for important meetings. Also, historians say that this section of the plaza served as a battle concentration camp.
Cusipata: is the part that was on the other side of the Saphi River, which divided these two squares.

The Plaza de Armas in the colonial period:

The churches and colonial mansions replaced the Inca buildings.

Por ejemplo, el palacio de Huayna Cápac fue reemplazado por la iglesia de la Compañía de Jesús, la Catedral sustituyó al palacio de Wiracocha y el Acllawasi fue reemplazado por el convento de Santa Catalina.

The Plaza de Armas today:

The Plaza de Armas of Cusco still maintains architecture from the Inca and colonial period, since, to this day, all the colonial constructions are preserved, as the Inca walls served as foundations for these constructions.

What to do in Cusco’s Main Square?

the main square of cusco in peru

The Cathedral of Cusco:

It is the main temple of the city of Cuzco, not Peru, houses the seat of the Archdiocese of Cuzco.

The Cathedral Basilica, along with the temples of the Triumph and the Holy Family Formation or Cathedral Complex, is located in the current Plaza de Armas of Cuzco. During the Inca Empire it was the Palace of the Inca Viracocha.

Between 1560 and 1664, builders constructed the cathedral using blocks of red stones transported from Saqsayhuaman.

Considered one of the two most important monuments in Latin America, the cathedral exhibits Gothic, Baroque, and Renaissance features in its construction. It is also considered Cultural Patrimony of the Nation. the main square of cusco in peru

The Portals of Cusco:

In the Plaza de Armas of Cusco, there are 8 portals with very interesting and curious stories.

When discussing the portals of the Plaza de Armas of Cusco, we focus all our attention on the memories of these beautiful structures, such as arches adorning the main square of Cusco. Currently there are 8 portals, but in colonial times there were 7 portals. Today there are 8 portals:

Portal de Carnes.








The Church of the Society of Jesus:

It is a Catholic church built in the city of Cusco, Peru. It is located in the Plaza de Armas in the historic center of Cusco and was built in the old Amarucancha, which was the palace of the Inca Huayna Capac.

The Triumphal Chapel:

It was the first church of Cuzco, built in 1539 on the base of the Inca Viracocha palace. It is currently an auxiliary chapel of the Cathedral, in whose crypt were deposited since 1978 two mortal remains of the Inca Garcilaso, who was a famous mestizo Cusquenian, author of the royal chronicles of two Incas.

Inca Museum:

Inca museum is located at the top of the main square, quite large, complete, detailed and interesting, which shows not only the pre-Inca, Inca and colonial history, but also objects belonging to the Inca culture, we have different aspects and advances that developed, a place to visit and admire this great legacy two Incas.

The 12-angled stone of the Inca Palace:

The Stone of the 12 Angles is one of the most popular attractions that exist in the city of Cusco. Its prestige is due to the antiquity of its structure, great finish and perfectionist bordering, characteristic of Inca architecture and currently considered Cultural Heritage of the Nation of Peru.

The stone is part of the seat of the Archbishop’s Palace of Cusco, which was formerly the residence of Inca Roca, the sixth sovereign of the Incas.

Statue of the Inca Emperor Pachacuteq:

In the middle of the Plaza de Armas is the statue and/or fountain of the Emperor who built Machu Picchu and other monuments in Cuzco, who is the Inca Emperor Pachacuteq, responsible for the expansion or empire of two Incas.

How to get to Cusco?

The time has come to decide between what suits us and what we want to enjoy. For example, the cheapest way to travel from Lima to Cusco is by bus, while the slightly more expensive option would be to travel directly by plane.

If time is not a problem, and you are looking for the cheapest way to get to Cusco, then bus routes are the most attractive options for you.

In addition, you will be able to dazzle your eyes with all the landscapes that you will find in the different routes.
Bus companies offer two types of routes: the fastest and the longest.
The fastest route consists of taking passengers from Lima through Nazca and Abancay, achieving between 18 – 21 hours.

The longer route goes from Lima to Nazca, but with the difference that it passes through Arequipa. Although the total trip takes between 24 – 27 hours, there are many tourists who prefer it because of the options to visit these cities, since it can be done in stages.

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